Kidney stones are firm lumps formed from crystallized waste products in the kidneys. They are a common health problem and passing large stones can be very painful.
Staying hydrated is important for preventing kidney stones. Yet, while some beverages may decrease the risk, others may increase it.
Increase your citric acid intake
Citric acid is a plant compound that may help prevent kidney stones from forming. Citrus fruits are great dietary sources.
Avoid high dose of Vitamin C
There is some evidence that taking high doses of vitamin C supplements may increase the risk of calcium oxalate kidney stones in men.
Get enough calcium
Getting enough calcium may help prevent kidney stone formation in some people. Calcium may bind to oxalate and prevent it from being absorbed.
Cut back on salt
If you’re prone to forming kidney stones, restricting sodium may help. Sodium may increase the amount of calcium you excrete in urine.
Eat less animal protein
A diet high in animal protein sources, such as meat, fish, and dairy, is associated with a higher risk of kidney stones. A high intake of animal protein may increase your risk of developing kidney stones.
If you’ve had a kidney stone, you’re very likely to develop another one within 5 to 10 years. Fortunately, taking certain dietary measures may help reduce this risk.
Just a few simple measures may go a long way in preventing painful kidney stones.